The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) is among the most powerful European institutions and its rulings have widespread effects. Sensitive areas such as taxation, foreign policy and economic governance are affected. Although the Court enjoys a high level of respect and trust and demonstrates an impressive capacity to solve a large number of cases, it could still improve when it comes to adhering to standards of openness, accountability and transparency. These are democratic standards that the European Union promotes (Art. 2 TEU), and we should also expect its judicial body to respect them.
This paper identifies some reforms to improve the EU’s judicial system without asking for changes of the treaties. Three recommendations are put forward for national governments and the Court's judges:
- Improve the Court’s representativeness in terms of gender and member states.
- Counter accusations of judicial activism by reducing the Court’s resort to general principles of EU law, admitting previous erroneous interpretations of EU law, and including all arguments raised by the parties in its rulings.
- Improve the Court’s adherence to the overarching principle of transparency by assessing public disclosure of judicial documents on a case-by-case basis
Judicial activity in the European Union: striving for better adjudication
PLATO Policy Brief no. 2, December 2020